Advent

The guillotine was a fixture in Reich prisons. This, in Plötzensee, was identical to Brandenburg’s.

Before bishops take possession of their dioceses they are to take an oath of fealty either to the Reich Representative of the State concerned, or to the President of the Reich, according to the following formula: “Before God and on the Holy Gospels I swear and promise as becomes a bishop, loyalty to the German Reich . . . . In the performance of my spiritual office and in my solicitude for the welfare and the interests of the German Reich, I will endeavor to avoid all detrimental acts which might endanger it.”  Article 16, Reich Concordat, 1933
Two books hold pride of place on my shelves. Continue Reading